From the inception of sync sound in the late 1920s to the modern day, sound in animation has assumed a variety of forms. This article will propose four principal modes that have developed in the commercial realm of American animation according to changing contingencies of convention, technology and funding. The various modes are termed syncretic, zip-crash, functional, and poetic authentication. Each one is utilised to different aesthetic effect, with changing relationships to the image. The use of voice, music, sound effects and atmos will be considered along with the ways in which they are recorded, manipulated and mixed. Additionally, the ways in which conventions bled from one period to the next will also be illustrated. Collectively, these proposed categories will aid in understanding the history and creative range of options available to animators beyond the visual realm.
|Publication title||animation: an interdisciplinary journal|
|Author(s)||Dr. Paul Taberham|
|Volume||Vol 13, Issue 2|
|Number of pages||17|