Gabrielle Cariolle’s professional output

Locating truth in fictional depictions

Article – Published 12th Jul 17

This paper examines notions of truth in relation to fictive modalities and discourses presented in animation and constructed imagery. Drawing upon discussion of documentary animation, it considers how constructed images utilise a range of modalities in order to position discourses and make statements about reality that can affect the audience through emotional connections. 

Following this, the paper considers Lewis’ and Marie-Laure Ryan’s examination of possible worlds within literary texts. It examines how constructed images negotiate the telling of truths via truth clusters, and how the recentering of audiences in relation to the fictive worlds through those clusters allows for truth to emerge in the bridging between their world and the fictive world. The paper proceeds to question whether texts combining low modalities or high fictionality are able to present truths through a collusion between the audience and authors’ worlds. It explores this notion through an analysis of the animated films Don’t Hug Me I’m Scared and Scavengers.

The paper suggests that such texts utilise notions of minimal departure and recentering of the audience  as narrative devices that allow the viewer to integrate truth statements into an understanding of their own world.

Publication details

Publication status Published
Publication title CONFIA 2017: 5th International Conference on Illustration and Animation
Author(s) Paul Roberts, Gabrielle Cariolle
Publishers name IPCA
Number of pages 15
Page range 310–324
ISBN 978-989-99861-3-8